Chest Fat vs. Gynecomastia

Chest Fat vs. Gynecomastia

Men who have a feminine chest are often ridiculed for having “man boobs” and this can take a significant hit on their self-esteem. These “man boobs” are either the result of chest fat (a condition called pseudogynecomastia) or gynecomastia. It is important to know the difference between these two conditions since true gynecomastia can cause more adverse symptoms and often requires more extensive treatment.

What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is the growth of male breast tissue that creates a more feminine-looking chest. Rather than a buildup of chest fat, gynecomastia is the growth of glandular tissue which has more structure and will create a rounded breast, rather than the sagging appearance of excess fat. Chest fat can often be resolved with weight training, but gynecomastia will require liposuction or a larger surgical procedure to fully eliminate the excess glandular tissue. Gynecomastia requires gland excision which often includes liposuction.

The Difference Between Gynecomastia and Chest Fat

If you are uncertain whether you have gynecomastia, the following questions can help you answer that question and determine whether you should schedule a consultation. When you schedule a consultation with Dr. Delgado, a gynecomastia specialist, he may also ask these questions and more to get an in-depth understanding of your symptoms and determine the best course of treatment.

Is Your Chest Sore?

Gynecomastia is often more painful than chest fat unless there are other underlying conditions. If your chest feels swollen, constantly sore, and painful to the touch, this is an indication you may have gynecomastia. Although other conditions can cause your chest to hurt, all these factors combined make it much less likely you are dealing with chest fat.

What Does Your Chest Feel Like?

Chest fat will feel like any other fat on the body: soft to the touch. Gynecomastia feels firm, hard, or rubbery. Sometimes, it may even feel like you have a solid lump under your skin. Fat should not be hard so if you notice these symptoms, it is unlikely your chest’s appearance is being caused by chest fat.

What Does Your Chest Look Like?

While chest fat sags without a defined shape, gynecomastia forms a rounded shape similar to a woman’s breasts. The nipple and/or areola may also project out more than the rest of the chest; this is a condition called puffy nipples.

How Does Your Chest React to Diet and Exercise?

One of the most frustrating things about gynecomastia is that it does not improve with proper diet and exercise. On the other hand, fat will reduce gradually so you should start to notice some reduction in the volume of your chest after a few weeks of exercise. If there is little to no change even after significant weight loss, this is one of the strongest indicators of gynecomastia.

Gynecomastia Surgery

Dr. Delgado classifies gynecomastia by four different grades, depending on the severity of your symptoms and the size of the amount of breast tissue present. Grade 1 and some Grade 2 gynecomastia can be treated with the “pull-through” technique that only requires one small incision or more commonly gland excision and liposuction, more severe cases of gynecomastia in Grades 3-4 will likely require a double incision mastectomy. Even though surgery will leave a scar, these marks fade over time and most men leave satisfied and newly confident without their feminine-looking chest.

Why Choose a Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon for Gynecomastia Surgery?

The revision rate for gynecomastia surgery is high because there are only a few gynecomastia specialists in the country. One of these specialists is board-certified plastic surgeon Dr. Miguel Delgado who has been treating all grades of gynecomastia for over 30 years. He has earned the respect of the medical community and patients who travel from outside the country to experience his expertise.

Dr. Delgado has an in-depth understanding of gynecomastia, how it affects the anatomy of the chest, and how to effectively remove all the excess tissue to prevent the condition from returning. You can schedule a consultation with Dr. Delgado in San Francisco, CA, by filling out an online contact form to effectively diagnose and treat your gynecomastia.

Celebrities with Gynecomastia Everyone Knows

Celebrities with Gynecomastia Everyone Knows

Gynecomastia is the unwanted growth of excess breast tissue in men, and it can have a damaging effect on men of all ages, especially teenage boys who are bullied because of their condition. However, gynecomastia is a surprisingly common medical condition and therefore something that’s not to be ashamed of. Even more surprising is many well-known celebrities have also experienced gynecomastia in their lives, sometimes seeking gynecomastia treatment to achieve a more masculine chest.

Simon Cowell

Simon Cowell is proof that men can have a toned figure after gynecomastia surgery to treat enlarged male breasts. He did not hide his condition while experiencing male breast growth and is actually well-known for the tight shirts he wore while a star judge on American Idol and America’s Got Talent.

Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson

“The Rock” has been candid about his struggles with gynecomastia despite most people’s assumption that someone who looks like him would never expect him to suffer from male breast tissue growth considering his muscular tone. Even though the growth of swollen breast tissue is unnoticeable today, it is only because of surgery he had to remove excess breast tissue earlier in life. This is a common treatment option even for guys and bodybuilders who look like him.

Jack Nicholson

Jack Nicholson did not start developing man boobs until his mid-50s, likely as the result of a natural hormonal imbalance that occurs as people age. Up to 60% of older men will develop some level of breast tissue or sagging pectorals and Jack Nicholson is proof that this condition can affect men of all ages.

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Like “The Rock,” Arnold Schwarzenegger’s breast enlargement may be due to steroid use during his bodybuilding years. He has openly expressed a dislike for his body and lack of confidence, showing that even the biggest names in Hollywood can struggle with their mental health and body image. Fortunately, there are many cosmetic surgery options available for people struggling with increased breast growth, and the physicians at are here to help get you educated about your options.

Jack Black

Jack Black is a kind of poster child for male body positivity and has fought back against any negativity associated with gynecomastia. He has gone shirtless proudly in several films including Nacho Libre and Tropic Thunder, something that can be incredibly difficult for men with non-traditionally masculine figures. He acknowledges that his weight isn’t a problematic part of his comedic or personal identity, including having larger-than-normal pecs.

Treatment for Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is commonly treated with a combination of liposuction and surgery, depending on what grade or level of gynecomastia the patient has. Sometimes the problem can be resolved by simply removing the breast fat or excess tissue but in more severe cases, excess skin may need to be removed to better contour the chest.

Before and After


4 years after a series of two surgeries and hormone therapy

Schedule a Consultation

If you have been struggling with self-confidence due to gynecomastia, schedule a consultation with Dr. Delgado to determine which type of surgery is best for you.

Get Rid of Man Boobs Fast. The Quickest Ways to Hide Your Moobs

Get Rid of Man Boobs Fast. The Quickest Ways to Hide Your Moobs

Man Walking Outside Dressed Smartly

Man boobs are often joked about, but living with man boobs can be distressing. Surgery for man boobs is the fastest way to get rid of enlarged male breasts. However, if you are unable to have surgery for man boobs, there are ways to hide your moobs. 

Man boobs can range in size significantly. Some men with gynecomastia symptoms will only have a small degree of enlargement, while others can have enlarged male breasts similar to female breasts. Surgeons separate gynecomastia into four grades based on the amount of fatty tissue and breast gland enlargement present.

Types of Man Boobs and Grades of Gynecomastia

Grades of gynecomastia as per the American Society of Plastic Surgery (ASPS) classification system are:

  • Grade 1 – Small amount of breast glandular tissue with or without puffy nipples.
  • Grade 2 – Mild to moderate enlargement of breast glandular tissue, often with fatty tissue, which causes male breast enlargement with a feminine appearance.
  • Grade 3 – Moderate to significant enlargement of breast glandular tissue with fatty tissue, resulting in fuller male breasts.
  • Grade 4 – Significant breast enlargement, with breast glandular tissue, fatty tissue, and excess skin, causing larger male breasts with a deep breast crease.

The Best Men’s Shapewear to Hide Man Boobs

The quickest way to hide man boobs, or moobs, is with male compression vests, also sold as men’s shapewear. Male vests for man boobs compress the glandular and fatty tissue to make the chest look flatter. You can also buy men’s shapewear to compress your stomach area for an overall improved upper-body appearance. 

The style of compression vest you choose will depend on the size of your enlarged male breasts and the amount of compression required. Some men might find a compression vest that looks like a “normal” men’s vest is sufficient. However, if you have moderate to large man boobs, you may need to consider a compression garment that is more like actual underwear.

Three Popular Brands of Men’s Shapewear 

Men’s shapewear has become increasingly popular, and the good news is many brands now produce good quality men’s compression garments. Below are five top brands that offer various styles of compression shapewear to wear underneath your clothes.

1. Spanx

Spanx range for men has a range of stylish vests and t-shirt style tops that no one would know are compression garments. 

Spanx shapewear, compression vests, and tops for men include:

  • Compression crew neck style t-shirt
  • Compression vest
  • Compression tank top.

Now that you know which body shapers are the best shapewear for men, you can cut a svelte physique underneath your clothes.

2. Underworks

Underworks offer a choice of tops and vests marketed as medical-grade compression garments available as vests and high-power chest binders designed specifically to hide larger man boobs.

Underworks compression vests and chest binders include:

  • Compression tank tops
  • Chest binder compression tank tops
  • Chest binder in a short, discreet low-neck vest. 

3. Leo

Leo men’s shapewear is made from a patented PowerSlim® fabric and SkinFuse® seamless compression fabric. Leo also offers a range of vests with different degrees of compression to provide extra strength depending on the amount of flattening required.

Leo compression vests include:

  • Body shaper vests with back support and maximum compression
  • Tank tops with moderate compression
  • Crew neck seamless tank tops with light compression.

How to Hide Man Boobs without Wearing a Man Boobs Vest

Men’s shapewear is not the only way to hide enlarged male breasts. If you have grade 1 or 2 gynecomastia, you may prefer to use tape to strap down your man boobs. Companies now make tape marketed for hiding man boobs. Another readily available option is surgical tape. You may also decide to use tape to provide extra pressure under a compression vest if you have larger man boobs for additional chest flattening.

Best Clothes to Hide Man Boobs

Some men find compression vests or garments and tape uncomfortable. The alternative is careful clothing choices. Here are three things to look for if you want your clothes to hide man boobs:

  1. Color is one of the best ways to hide man boobs. Darker colors like dark gray, dark blue, and dark red can work, as well as black, of course. 
  2. Fabric is essential. Clingy and thin fabrics will make man boobs more obvious. Choose structured fabrics such as linen and heavier fabrics.
  3. Style and fit can make a real difference. The best way to hide man boobs is to wear a t-shirt under a loose-fitting shirt. 

If you are fed up with trying to conceal enlarged male breasts, surgery for man boobs is the quickest, most reliable way to banish man boobs for good.

For personalized information about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, please complete Dr. Delgado’s inquiry form



Miguel Delgado, M.D., F.A.C.S is a world-renowned Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon granted by the American Board of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and a member of the American Society of Plastic Surgery and Aesthetic Society. Dr. Delgado has a surgical practice solely dedicated to cosmetic plastic surgery. He specializes in gynecomastia surgery and is the medical director of, the oldest and largest gynecomastia forum dedicated to supporting, educating, and providing solutions for men with breast enlargement. Dr. Delgado celebrates 30 years of practice in San Francisco, California. He was voted the “Best Plastic Surgeon of 2017-2021.” does not provide medical advice, treatment, or diagnosis. 

What to Do if You Have Man Boobs in Your Teens

What to Do if You Have Man Boobs in Your Teens

What Causes Gynecomastia in Teenagers and Boys?

Gynecomastia in adolescents or teenage boys occurs during puberty, although symptoms can start as early as age 10. However, on average, initial symptoms of gynecomastia start around age 13 to 14. The appearance of man boobs (or moobs) can be extremely distressing and affect confidence and social interaction. Often, gynecomastia symptoms in teenagers will result in avoiding activities that involve showing their chest, such as swimming. Changing clothes at school or college for sports can also be difficult.

By age 17, gynecomastia symptoms will normally have resolved. For teenagers with persistent gynecomastia, treatment or surgery may be required. Before considering any type of gynecomastia treatment, it is vital to visit a doctor for a gynecomastia physical evaluation. Teenagers may then be referred to a specialist in hormone-related conditions and disorders, called an endocrinologist. Various diagnostic blood tests to determine the cause of gynecomastia symptoms are usually carried out. When there are elevated rates of estrogen levels, treatment with medication may be an option. Three types of medication may be recommended to treat gynecomastia in teenagers caused by a hormone imbalance. 

Gynecomastia Symptoms in Teenagers and Boys

The initial symptoms of gynecomastia in teenagers and boys can vary. Usually, they will consist of slight soreness or tenderness in the chest area, increased nipple sensation, and a small lump underneath either one or both nipples. Increased growth of breast tissue may also occur, resulting in a more feminine appearance of the chest area. Gynecomastia has been classified into four grades, with grade 1 being the least severe and grade 4 the most severe. 

What Is Hormonal Gynecomastia in Teenagers?

Estrogen and androgen receptors determine the degree that breast glandular tissue grows in boys. Estrogen is responsible for breast tissue growth, and androgen receptors in boys are responsible for inhibiting the formation of excess glandular tissue. Gynecomastia symptoms in boys are thought to result from a rise in estrogen and an imbalance between estrogen levels and androgen receptors. 

During puberty, this causes the appearance of male breasts or man boobs. By the age of around 17, the balance corrects itself, and gynecomastia symptoms regress. This is why treatment with medication for gynecomastia in boys and younger teenagers is not usually offered. Psychological therapy is normally considered a more appropriate way of helping boys and teenagers affected by gynecomastia symptoms. 

By age 18, if gynecomastia symptoms persist, various medications have been shown to cause a regression of gynecomastia symptoms. The success of medications varies, and research has shown differing results in regression of gynecomastia symptoms following treatment with “gynecomastia” medication. 

Medication for the Treatment of Gynecomastia Symptoms in Teenagers

Currently, medication for gynecomastia is not FDA approved. The medications have been FDA approved for the treatment of other conditions, and when used for gynecomastia treatment, this is called “off-label” use. However, when a hormonal imbalance is diagnosed following blood tests, medications are often the first step for teenagers with persistent gynecomastia symptoms. There are three categories of medication that treat the estrogen/androgen imbalance, and they work in different ways.

Medications for Gynecomastia to Block Estrogen Receptors 

Medications designed to block estrogen receptors are collectively called selective estrogen receptor modulators  (SERMS). This type of medication is usually used to treat painful gynecomastia symptoms. The body continues to produce estrogen, but the effect on the breast cells is blocked. This category of medication was initially used to treat or reduce the risk of breast cancer in females.

The four SERMS for gynecomastia symptoms are:

  1. Tamoxifen (Brand name: Soltamox and Nolvadex) 
  2. Raloxifene (Brand name: Evista)
  3. Clomiphene (Brand name: Clomid )
  4. Toremifene (Brand name: Fareston).

Other medications used to treat gynecomastia symptoms include:

  • Danzole (Brand name: Danocrine) a synthetic androgen similar to testosterone.
  • Anastrozole (Brand name: Arimidex) a type of estrogen inhibitor that works by stopping the production of estrogen. 

Gynecomastia Medications Side Effects

All gynecomastia medications come with associated side effects, which are often the reason for discontinuing use. Research has shown that in some cases, when gynecomastia medication is stopped, gynecomastia symptoms can return.

Gynecomastia medication side effects include:

  • Erectile dysfunction 
  • Testicular atrophy (reduction in size of the testicles)
  • Sperm count decline
  • Reduction in bone density
  • Joint pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Nipple tenderness
  • Visual disturbances 
  • Hair loss
  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Hot flushes
  • Headaches
  • Skin rash and irritation.

Gynecomastia Surgery for Teenagers and Adolescents 

Gynecomastia surgery is considered the most reliable solution to get rid of gynecomastia symptoms. It is the only permanent treatment for gynecomastia symptoms that does not come with the side effects that can be caused by gynecomastia medication. These side effects are one of the main reasons many male adolescents decide to have gynecomastia surgery. 

When choosing whether to try gynecomastia medication, it is important to consider how the side effect may impact you psychologically. This is especially relevant for teenage boys who already have psychological difficulties due to their gynecomastia symptoms. Gynecomastia surgery also has associated risks and complications, although they are rare or normally easily rectified with appropriate treatment. When gynecomastia surgery is performed by an experienced plastic surgeon, the patient satisfaction rate is high and incidence of complications relatively low.

Types of Gynecomastia Surgery  

Various procedures can correct gynecomastia symptoms and get rid of man boobs for good. The procedure option will be determined by the gynecomastia symptoms, and severe gynecomastia symptoms will require more extensive surgery to remove excess skin. When considering gynecomastia surgery, one of the main concerns is scars. 

Grade 1 and 2 gynecomastia incisions are normally located around the bottom edge of the areola. The resulting scars are usually difficult to detect due to the difference in color between the areola and the surrounding chest skin. Scars continue to fade and normally become difficult to detect within six months to a year. 

Gynecomastia Surgery for Grade 1 and Grade 2 Gynecomastia 

The “Pull Through” technique is a relatively new technique developed to treat grade 1 and some grade 2 cases of gynecomastia symptoms. The advantage with this technique is the absence of visible scars due to the small incision required. Liposuction may also be needed to even out the contours of the chest. The disadvantage is that this technique can often produce uneven results when not performed correctly. This is one of the reasons gynecomastia revision surgery is generally requested following this procedure.  

The “Standard” technique is usually used for grade 2 gynecomastia cases and involves a slightly longer incision around the bottom half of the areola. The breast glands are then excised along with fatty tissue, and liposuction is also often performed to smooth out the chest contours. The patient satisfaction rate following this procedure is high, and the scars, when healed, tend to be hard to see unless looking very closely.

A two-stage procedure is sometimes required for grade 2 and may be recommended for grade 3 gynecomastia symptoms. The first stage is the standard technique, followed by a periareolar lift around four to six months later. The periareolar lift is performed to remove excess skin and improve the contour of the chest. The advantage of the two-stage procedure is that incisions are only made around the edge of the areola.

Gynecomastia Surgery for Grade 3 and 4 Gynecomastia 

Grade 3 and 4 gynecomastia symptoms are rare in teenagers. When they do occur, incisions in the breast crease are required to remove excess skin. In some cases, the skin crease will extend to a roll that will continue to the back. When this happens, the incisions will need to be extended, and the resulting scars will inevitably be longer and more noticeable.

A double incision mastectomy is the most effective gynecomastia surgery for most grade 3 and all grade 4 gynecomastia symptoms. The procedure involves an incision made in the breast crease, which may extend to the back. The breast glandular and fatty tissue is excised, and liposuction is performed for even contours. Although scars will be visible, once faded, they tend not to be an issue, and most patients report being very happy with the results of this procedure. 


For personalized information about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, please complete Dr. Delgado’s inquiry form



Dr. Delgado is a world-renowned Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon, a member of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, and a recognized expert in the field of gynecomastia surgical procedures. Dr. Delgado is the medical director of — the largest international forum providing unprecedented resources about gynecomastia treatments and surgical options. 

The Cost of Man Boobs Surgery (Gynecomastia) USA

The Cost of Man Boobs Surgery (Gynecomastia) USA

Causes of Gynecomastia

The appearance of man boobs is usually caused by a hormonal imbalance, which can result from medications, steroid use or may occur naturally. Gynecomastia is defined as excessive growth of male glandular tissue. Although weight loss and exercise may help reduce the size of man boobs, surgery is the only option to reduce glandular tissue. Another condition that may be mistaken for gynecomastia is called pseudogynecomastia, when male breast enlargement occurs due to excess fat. This type of male breast reduction can normally be carried out with a liposuction procedure. 


Normal Breast Vs Gynecomastia Diagram

Gynecomastia Surgery

Male breast reduction is also known as gynecomastia surgery. This is a plastic surgery procedure designed to treat a medical condition that causes the enlargement of male glandular tissue, resulting in what is often called man boobs. Gynecomastia surgery is performed by numerous surgeons and is rapidly becoming one of the most popular cosmetic surgery procedures for men in the USA. 

Gynecomastia Surgery Cost

When considering any surgery, the cost will play a part in the decision-making process and which surgeon to choose. Certain plastic surgery organizations operate a “conveyor belt” of patients. Permitting limited time for the procedure will provide a set fee in advance of a consultation. Consequently, as they limit the time to a minimum for each procedure and book in as many patients as possible in a short period, the gynecomastia surgery cost is lower.

More often, when the price is low, it is because any surgeon can perform a cosmetic surgery procedure in the USA, regardless of their training or specialty. When comparing prices, always check that the surgeon is a Board Certified plastic surgeon. The actual cost estimate of any plastic surgery is dependent on the surgeon, the facility where the procedure will take place, and the patient’s specific needs. Cosmetic surgery in this respect is the same as most surgical procedures, and a set price should immediately ring alarm bells. 

Several other factors are evaluated by the plastic surgeon when providing an estimate for the cost of a gynecomastia procedure. Among these factors is the type of gynecomastia procedure required and whether or not it’s revision surgery. In all cases of true gynecomastia, the surgeon will have to perform surgical excision of the breast glands. This procedure will usually be performed under a general anesthetic and increase the total cost. 

You should also consider costs common to all plastic surgery procedures, such as anaesthesia, the fee for the facility and operating room, the geographical location, and any other complications. Additional costs also may include medical tests, antibiotics or medications, and post-surgery garments required following a surgical procedure.

Gynecomastia surgery costs can vary from state to state and according to the surgeon’s expertise. A plastic surgeon will usually charge more than a general surgeon, and anesthesia charges differ depending on experience. Plastic surgeons also tend to use facilities that charge considerably more than clinics and set up as quickly as possible for minimum cost. This means the all-inclusive fee for the plastic surgeon, anesthesiologist, and facility usually falls between $6,500 and $9,000. 

Recovery Time for Gynecomastia Surgery

The recovery time usually expected with modern gynecomastia surgery techniques is around one week. Although it is not recommended to start exercising or lifting heavy objects, most men feel well enough to return to work. Any swelling will continue to reduce, and scars will heal over two to three weeks. 

Occasionally, a small, thin tube will be placed near the incision to drain out any excess fluid or blood after gynecomastia surgery. These are typically removed within two to three days. Patients are asked to wear a dressing or bandage on the surgical site during the recovery period. In some cases, customized compression garments may be provided to minimize swelling and aid the healing process by limiting movement on the incision site.

Patients are also given specific sets of instructions on caring for the surgical site at home. They will also be asked to take oral medications for a few days following your surgery to fight off any potential infection or complications that may arise. All patients are advised to strictly follow the surgeon’s instructions regarding care, especially resting. You will be asked to take it easy for a few days or weeks following your surgery, and you must avoid strenuous activity until your wound has fully healed. 

Cost Of Male Breast Reduction

Male Breast Reduction Without Surgery

Before considering male breast reduction, it is important to consider other treatment options first. Understanding the symptoms is one of the best ways to determine the most effective course of treatment. With the help of an expert, you may be able to reduce enlarged male breasts without surgery.

Losing weight through diet and exercising can be an effective way to reduce the appearance of man boobs. The enlarged breasts are often a result of excessive fat tissue in the breast area. Exercise can trim down the fat content in your body and help you shed excess weight. The less fat you have, the smaller your man boobs. Weight loss can take time. Liposuction is an effective and quick procedure with minimal associated complications and virtually no scarring for a faster solution. However, liposuction is only suitable for pseudogynecomastia,  as it will not reduce the size of the breast glands present in true gynecomastia.   

The intake of certain drugs and steroids can also contribute to the growth of breast tissues in men. If you want to get rid of your man boobs, you must abstain from drugs immediately. You might have to undergo hormone treatments to reduce the presence of estrogen in your system, which can trigger breast growth. The downside to hormone treatment is that it is only effective for moderate cases. Not all men are suitable due to health reasons or medications they are taking for other medical conditions, such as irregular heartbeat (heart arrhythmia).

Non-surgical Procedures to Get Rid of Man Boobs

Other more advanced non-surgical procedures for gynecomastia symptoms include laser therapy that can remove fat and be used for body sculpting, and Coolsculpting is another option to reduce fat tissue, which can help reduce male breasts. These treatment options melt or freeze the fat cells, which are then dispelled naturally from the body over months through urine.  As these treatments will not reduce the size of glandular tissue in cases of true gynecomastia it is likely they will be unsatisfactory. 

The great thing about non-surgical treatment for enlarged male breasts is that they require less downtime. Plus, the cost is lower. However, when repeat treatments are necessary, the costs can equal the cost of gynecomastia surgery. Suppose you have tried any of the above-mentioned non-surgical treatments and are still not satisfied with the result. In that case, gynecomastia surgery is likely to be needed to fully remove excess glandular tissue that causes man boobs. 

FAQs About Gynecomastia Surgery

Does Health Insurance Cover Gynecomastia Surgery?

In terms of health insurance, gynecomastia surgery is not eligible for coverage because it is classed as a cosmetic surgery procedure. It is still advisable to consult with your insurance provider as there may be exceptions to this rule. 

Is Gynecomastia Surgery Painful?

The pain reported by patients is mild and subsides within a few days. Over-the-counter pain relievers are available if required. 

Does Gynecomastia Surgery Leave Scars?

Expect scarring when undergoing any surgical procedure. However, gynecomastia surgery has advanced significantly in terms of scars. While complete lack of scarring is impossible, different factors can impact scar visibility, such as the type of procedure required, incision size, and the surgeon’s skill. 

Previous gynecomastia surgery techniques require a relatively large incision to remove the fat and glandular tissue from the chest area. Today, newer techniques have been developed to eliminate the need for a large incision. One of the newer methods used by plastic surgeons is cutting-edge ultrasound technology, which breaks up the chest tissue. Once broken down, the fat tissue that needs to be excised can measure approximately a quarter of an inch, eliminating the need for a large incision, as it is possible to suction out the smaller fat tissues.

Aside from leaving almost undetectable scars, the advancement in surgical techniques can also facilitate faster recovery time for the patient. The smaller the wound, the faster a patient can recover from the procedure, in most cases with significantly reduced scarring.


 For personalized information about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, please complete Dr. Delgado’s inquiry form


Miguel Delgado, M.D., F.A.C.S. is a world-renowned Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon granted by the American Board of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and a member of the American Society of Plastic Surgery and Aesthetic Society. Dr. Delgado has a surgical practice solely dedicated to cosmetic plastic surgery. He specializes in gynecomastia surgery and is the medical director of, the oldest and largest gynecomastia forum dedicated to supporting, educating, and providing solutions for men with breast enlargement.  Dr. Delgado celebrates 30 years of practice in San Francisco, California. He was voted the “Best Plastic Surgeon of 2017-2021.” 

©Copyright 2020 All rights reserved. Use and access to this site are subject to the terms and conditions as set out in our Legal Statement and Privacy Statement.

The content on is for educational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice. It does not replace the need to meet with a physician who will accurately diagnose your condition and suggest treatment options.

How to Lose Man Boobs: Top 4 Tips to Fight Moobs

How to Lose Man Boobs: Top 4 Tips to Fight Moobs

Man Standing With Man-Boobs

Young man with man-boobs

Four Ways to Get Rid of Man Boobs

The National Institute of Health defines gynecomastia, commonly referred to as man boobs, as a benign abnormal growth of male breast glandular tissue. It is typically caused by an increase in estrogen, a decrease in testosterone, or a combination of these factors. Gynecomastia symptoms can affect men of all ages, affecting one or both breasts.

When man boobs or moobs develop due to fatty tissue, this is called pseudogynecomastia. Typically, overweight or obese men are most affected by pseudogynecomastia, also referred to as “false gynecomastia.”

For support and constantly updated resources, join our gynecomastia forum. 

Here are some tips that will help you or someone you know to get rid of man boobs caused by pseudogynecomastia due to increased localized fat tissue.


1. Make an Appointment with Your Doctor

It is always advisable to consult your physician before implementing any new diet or exercise program. It is important that you communicate your concerns and objectives to your physician. This is so that diagnostic tests can be carried out to rule out any other underlying causes of your gynecomastia symptoms. 


2. Gynecomastia Diet Changes

Gynecomastia Diet - Low In Estrogen And High In Testosterone

Gynecomastia diet – low in estrogen and high in testosterone

A healthy, low-calorie diet is one of the best things you can do for weight loss. Setting a goal and tracking your daily food intake is the first step. The majority of people are unaware of the amount of food they consume, so food tracking can be an eye-opener. In addition, if you are trying to lose weight, you may want to reduce the amount of these five food groups:

  • Sugar – Avoid sugary foods and drinks and check for hidden sugar. Sugar is hidden in a wide range of products, such as cereals, bread, grains, granola bars, juices, energy drinks, meal replacement bars, and powdered milk.
Sugar Cubes



  • Processed Foods – Ingredients used in processed foods, such as GMO ingredients, artificial sweeteners, soybeans, vegetable oils (like canola and sunflower), and inferior meats, pose serious health risks. The chemicals, antibiotics, and endocrine disruptors in these products can lead to hormonal imbalances, which will end up making weight loss more difficult.
Highly Processed Foods

Highly processed foods


  • Gluten – The Beyond Celiac website reports that approximately 18 million Americans have non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Consequently, even if you do not have celiac disease, gluten can still trigger an inflammatory reaction in your body. Such sensitivities or intolerances can prevent weight loss and cause various other health problems.
Gluten - Bread, Wheat And Gains



  • Dairy Products – Inflammatory effects of dairy products are similar to those of gluten. It is important to note that inflammation is the underlying cause of most diseases, including obesity and weight gain. Moreover, if you have lactose intolerance or a milk allergy, dairy products may result in uncomfortable symptoms such as bloating and digestive discomfort.
Dairy Products

Dairy products


  • Food with low-fat content – Researchers have proved that high-fat diets can help burn more calories than low-fat diets, based on studies involving avocado, coconut products, butter, ghee, and extra virgin olive oil. In addition, low-fat food often has high amounts of sugar.
Foods Low In Fat

Foods low in fat


The Body Mass Index (BMI) and Weight Loss 

Using the body mass index (BMI), we can estimate body fat percentage. BMI can be calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms (kg) by their height in meters squared, or there are several online tools to work it out for you. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), a BMI over 25 is classed as overweight. Chest fat (or fat in any area) can not be lost just by targeting that specific area of the body. This is why aiming for overall weight loss and a BMI under 25 is the most effective way to get rid of man boobs.

Many diet fads can trigger fast weight loss, but it is advisable to avoid crash diets and change your diet gradually for long-term sustained weight loss. A balanced diet should consist of protein, complex carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Here is a simple food guide of what to eat and avoid if you want to lose weight.

Eat more:

  • Whole foods 
  • Vegetables
  • Lean meat 


Eat less:

  • Processed foods
  • Sugary foods and beverages
  • Alcohol 


More tips for weight loss:

  • Keep a food journal 
  • Realistic, long term weight loss goals 
  • Reduce  food portions

Exercise and Weight Loss 

Research has shown that high-intensity interval training takes less time and is more effective than moderate-intensity continuous exercise for weight loss.

Weight Loss Tip

Getting the hang of food tracking may take you one or two weeks, but do not give up! In no time, you will be a pro at calculating portion sizes. And when it comes to having a healthy and happy gut, don’t forget about prebiotics and probiotics!


3. Bodyweight Training

Body Weight Exercises

Body weight exercises

Bodyweight training targets various muscle groups, which leads to higher calorie expenditure. Therefore, do not limit yourself to chest area exercises alone.


Push-ups are an excellent example of bodyweight exercises for the chest that also require activation of your arms, shoulders, back, core, and glutes and require you to engage your legs. As you place your hands wider during a push-up, your chest is forced to work harder. You do not have to go very fast. It may be beneficial to change the tempo of the push-up and to do some slowly as well.


4. Weight Training

Weight Training By Lifting Weights

Weight training by lifting weights

Building chest muscle will not only help to define your chest. A higher body percentage of muscle over fat means you will burn more calories, even when resting.


Chest muscle exercises to get rid of man boobs, chest presses and cable chest flies are excellent examples. Make sure you do more than chest exercises geared strictly to build chest muscles. Training with an all-body approach is crucial (to losing fat). Men’s testosterone levels can be boosted by exercise, which (among other things) helps to build and maintain muscle mass and reduce moobs.

Myth or Fact

The amount of fat tissue and the degree of elasticity in the skin really determine the degree of man boobs or the grade of gynecomastia. Losing weight may also result in your losing your man boobs. The skin might also hang loosely when a lot of fat needs to be lost. If you have lost weight, there are surgical procedures to remove excess skin, but you need to take a moment to appreciate your accomplishment! It’s not easy to lose weight. You must be dedicated to your health and to yourself. Ultimately, if you still have excess skin, the surgical procedure is up to you.



Is It Really Possible to Fully Get Rid of Man Boobs?

The amount of fat tissue and the degree of elasticity in the skin contribute to the size of man boobs or the grade of gynecomastia. In cases of pseudogynecomastia, weight loss may result in losing your man boobs. Following excessive weight loss, the skin might be loose and hang away from the body. When this happens, a surgical procedure to remove excess skin will be necessary if it is causing concern.

Can Moobs Go Away?

Enlarged male breasts may remain if hormones are not in balance. As many as 30% of male adolescents and boys suffer from this condition. As a result of the hormonal changes in boys, it is not uncommon for adolescent males to have gynecomastia symptoms. In up to 90% of gynecomastia cases during puberty, the symptoms will resolve within two years.

If the gynecomastia breast tissue does not resolve within two years, it is usually permanent. Man boobs caused by fat build-up called “fake gynecomastia” or pseudogynacomastia can be reduced with weight loss and disappear completely. Reviewing prescription medications associated with gynecomastia, and stopping them where possible, may also reverse gynecomastia symptoms that developed after starting the medication. 

It is important to remember that gynecomastia is primarily caused by hormonal imbalances rather than anything men can control. Every man’s endocrine system produces both estrogen (the “female hormone”) and testosterone (the “male hormone”). When hormones are not balanced, this can lead to excess breast tissue in men. Mild cases of gynecomastia may be successfully treated with appropriate hormonal medicine. However, this is not always effective. Gynecomastia surgery is by far the most effective way to permanently get rid of man boobs.

Can I Reduce My Chest Fat?

Most men can reduce chest fat by following a healthful diet and exercising regularly. This is not always the case and sometimes a medical condition may need to be resolved.

Can Certain Food Cause Man Breasts?

Certain foods contain chemicals that mimic estrogen’s effects; these include:

  • Processed foods, ‘diet’ food, and ready-made meals, usually contain high amounts of sodium, sugar, and preservatives. 
  • Soy alternatives to dairy products such as edamame, tofu, and tempeh are high in protein but contain phytoestrogens or plant estrogens which may mimic the effect of estrogen.
  • Dairy Products and eggs all include estrogen from the hormones found in chickens and cows, identical to human hormonal production. (Dairy products such as milk and eggs that claim they are hormone-free simply do not have extra hormones added to the ingredients).
  • Beer is made from grain containing phytoestrogens, or plant estrogens, making it naturally estrogenic.

More information about food and Gynecomastia diet.

Gynecomastia Summary

To achieve a more sculpted and healthy physique, it is crucial to understand the causes of gynecomastia and consult an experienced and knowledgeable healthcare professional to determine the cause of your gynecomastia symptoms. 

Non-surgical options such as gynecomastia diet, gynecomastia exercise and chest muscle development can make a difference in both pseudogynecomastia and grade 1 or 2 gynecomastia.  A physician can also prescribe certain medications to help reduce or eliminate man boobs.

If all other treatments fail, then male breast reduction surgery has a high rate of patient satisfaction.  


For personalized information about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, please complete Dr. Delgado’s inquiry form. 


Dr. Delgado is a world-renowned Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon, a member of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, and a recognized expert in the field of gynecomastia surgical procedures. Dr. Delgado is the medical director of — the largest international forum providing unprecedented resources about gynecomastia treatments and surgical options.