Gynecomastia is a condition where male breast tissue becomes enlarged, causing the appearance of male breasts. Enlarged breast tissue can be extremely embarrassing for men, especially in social situations like the beach or pool. If you're experiencing mental distress...
What Causes Gynecomastia During Puberty? The teen years and puberty can be an awkward and confusing time as the body and facial hair begin to grow, hormone levels fluctuate, and more. However, one issue that some teen boys face is the development of excess breast...
Are you a male with enlarged breast tissue, or what some call "man boobs"? If so, you may be suffering from gynecomastia. This condition can affect males of all ages, can affect one or both breasts, and take a toll on self-confidence, self-esteem, and healthy body...
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What Is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia, often referred to as man boobs, moobs, or simply male breasts is the presence of enlarged breast tissue, whether fatty tissue, glandular tissue, skin, or all of the above. Gynecomastia differs from pseudogynecomastia, which results only from excess fat tissue due to excess weight gain.
Gynecomastia can occur during puberty due to a person’s imbalanced and ever-changing hormone levels. Older men also experience reduced testosterone levels, which can cause an imbalance between estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia caused by steroids is also a known issue for bodybuilders and anyone who uses anabolic steroids.
Due to the wide-ranging causes of excess male breast tissue growth, it’s estimated that up to 70% of men will experience gynecomastia at some point in their lives, whether just for a few years during puberty or for much longer periods of time.
What Are The Symptoms of Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia symptoms include:
Enlarged nipples and surrounding area, with or without nipple discharge.
Breast pain, soreness, or tenderness.
Excess glandular tissue beneath the nipple, in one or both breasts (feels like a lump that may be movable).
Occasionally, the appearance of true gynecomastia may cause uneven swollen glandular tissue, which may make one side of the chest larger. Gynecomastia may result in breast tissue growth in one or both breasts.
What Causes Gynecomastia?
The hormone imbalance responsible for male breast tissue growth can be caused by several factors, many of which are unknown, in addition to regular changes in the body like puberty and aging. This means the majority of cases are often called idiopathic gynecomastia, which refers to a benign condition that appears from one of many possible causes.
Aside from certain medications or medical conditions such as Klinefelter syndrome and kidney disease, research has shown the below substances may cause gynecomastia symptoms:
- Illegal use of anabolic steroids
Approximately 10 to 25% of cases may be caused by certain drugs, with illegal steroid use being the number one drug-related cause of gynecomastia symptoms.
How is Gynecomastia Diagnosed?
Gynecomastia can be diagnosed by a gynecomastia specialist who will review your medical history and determine the cause of your symptoms by reviewing any medications and if you have used steroids without a prescription or any other illegal substances.
For a free-of-charge, virtual consultation about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, feel free to get in touch today.
Your unique gynecomastia treatment may differ depending on your age, health, duration of the disease, and response to certain drugs. A hormone imbalance contributing to breast enlargement may be addressed by medication or tissue hormone treatment. Medications for gynecomastia have shown to be largely ineffective and the FDA (Federal Drug Administration) has not approved any drug for the treatment of gynecomastia.
In most cases, male breast reduction surgery is required to eliminate gynecomastia symptoms permanently.
In breast reduction or gynecomastia surgery, surgical techniques differ according to the degree or severity of gynecomastia symptoms.
The American Society of Plastic Surgery has developed a classification system of four grades of gynecomastia to develop better gynecomastia treatments with more consistent results.
Gynecomastia Surgery Options
Gynecomastia surgery incisions for all techniques, apart from a double incision mastectomy, are made around the outer edge of the areola. Usually, once they have healed, they are very difficult to see.
All gynecomastia surgery options permanently remove the extra glandular tissue, so gynecomastia symptoms rarely come back after this surgery. Dr. Delgado uses a light general anesthesia to give him the most control and provide you with the safest and easiest surgical experience possible.
For a complimentary, virtual consultation about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, please complete Dr. Delgado’s inquiry form:
For personalized information about gynecomastia plastic surgery procedures, please complete Dr. Delgado’s inquiry form.
Miguel Delgado, M.D., F.A.C.S is a world-renowned Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon granted by the American Board of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and a member of the American Society of Plastic Surgery and Aesthetic Society. Dr. Delgado has a surgical practice solely dedicated to cosmetic plastic surgery. He specializes in gynecomastia surgery and is the medical director of Gynecomastia.org, the oldest and largest gynecomastia forum dedicated to supporting, educating, and providing solutions for men with breast enlargement. Dr. Delgado celebrates 30 years of practice in San Francisco, California. He was voted the “Best Plastic Surgeon of 2017-2021.”
Gynecomastia.org does not provide medical advice, treatment, or diagnosis.