Signs and Symptoms of High Estrogen (Gynecomastia): Diagnosis, Treatment, and More

Signs and Symptoms of High Estrogen (Gynecomastia): Diagnosis, Treatment, and More

Gynecomastia Signs And Symptoms Of Low Testosterone

Estrogen in Men: Signs and Symptoms

Both men and women possess the same hormones, testosterone, and estrogen. The estrogen levels in women are higher, and the serum testosterone levels in men are higher. As is the case in women, estrogen also plays a significant role in the sexual function of men. There are some medications that may cause an excessive amount of estrogen to be produced in the body.

Your hormone levels can be identified by the results of the test if your estrogen or progesterone levels are too high or too low. In addition, you may also develop low testosterone or low progesterone levels in your body, which may disturb your hormonal imbalance. It is possible for men or women to experience symptoms of menopause associated with high estrogen levels, or even low testosterone levels. Blood tests are often used to determine whether your levels of a particular substance are too high or too low.

Both high and low estrogen levels can cause some long-term complications or indicate that there’s an underlying condition that should be treated. Here’s what you need to know.


How Much Estrogen Does a Man Normally Produce?

Estrone and estradiol are the two major types of estrogen in men. Picograms are measured per milliliter (pg/ml). The following summarizes the averages:

There are two types of estrogen: estrone and estradiol

  • Prepubescent male, between 16 and 13 picograms
  • Pubescent male weighing between 60 and 40 picograms
  • Male adult, 10-60 picograms to 10-40 picograms


Here Are Some of The Main Symptoms of High Estrogen Levels

  • Problems related to fertility. A key factor in the production of sperm is the hormone estrogen. High estrogen levels have been shown to adversely affect sperm production and, as a consequence, can make it more difficult for women to conceive.
  • Gynecomastia in men. Manboobs are an enlargement of the male breast tissue caused by increased estrogen levels in the body. Gynecomastia can be caused by high levels. Breast tissue in this area is abnormally high.
  • The condition is known as erectile dysfunction (ED). Having an increase in estrogen can affect the balance of hormones that are essential for obtaining and maintaining an erection. Low testosterone is especially relevant if you are also experiencing slowed growth. Short stature or delayed puberty may also be a consequence of excess estrogen.
  • Closure of the epiphysis. It is possible for male adolescents to have short stature when estrogen levels are high.


The following is a list of possible symptoms of high estrogen that may occur in conjunction with other hormone imbalances:

  • Reduced sexual activity
  • Semen concentration of sperm is reduced
  • Feeling fatigued
  • Loss of hair on your entire body
  • Muscle mass is decreasing
  • Reduction in the size of the penis and testicles
  • (hot flashes) a sudden feeling of being hot
  • Having difficulty concentrating
  • Gynecomastia – male breast enlargement


Gynecomastia Estrogen Levels

Causes of High Estrogen in Men

Your body is capable of producing a great deal of estrogen, either independently or in conjunction with less testosterone. Some medications and substances can increase estrogen levels, including:

  • Anxiety
  • A type of antibiotic
  • There are many different herbs and natural substances, such as ginkgo or ginseng
  • Phenothiazines (used to treat mental disorders) are pharmacologically active

You can also inherit high estrogen levels from your parents. A number of health conditions can also lead to an increase in estrogen levels, including:

  • Gaining weight under stress or becoming obese
  • Liver diseases
  • Hypergonadism, for instance, affects hormone balances

Men With Low Estrogen Levels Can Cause Gynecomastia or Enlarged Breasts in Men

Low estrogen levels are not usually a problem for men.

However, you may experience some of the same symptoms if you are deficient in estrogen. It is because estrogen imbalances can occur as a consequence of hypogonadism, a condition in which your body produces fewer hormones than normal.

Hypogonadism decreases levels of estrogen, testosterone, and other hormones, which causes many of the symptoms that have been associated with high estrogen levels.


Causes of Low Estrogen 

Low estrogen due to hypogonadism can have a number of possible causes, including:

  • Hyperparathyroidism, also known as Addison’s disease
  • Testicles that do not descend because of kidney or liver problems
  • Radiation exposure
  • Surgery on the penis or testicles
  • Pituitary gland conditions
  • sarcoidosis
  • The tuberculous infection
  • histiocytosis
  • The condition of being obese
  • Loss of weight quickly
  • Nutritional deficiencies and lack of vitamins
  • Neurosurgery
  • The pituitary gland has a tumor on it or close to it


If your doctor suspects that you may have low or high levels of estrogen, they will conduct a laboratory blood test.

Your results should be available within a week. The level of estrogen in your blood is measured in picograms per milliliter (pg/mL). Your doctor will inform you of the next steps after receiving your results.

There is no need to take any action if they appear to be normal. Your doctor will make a recommendation if your levels are too high or too low so that you can achieve a balanced estrogen level.

Gynecomastia Before And After Estrogen

Managing Estrogen Levels in Men

Here are some of the possible treatments a doctor may recommend to help control your estrogen levels.


Aromatase inhibitors prevent an enzyme known as aromatase from turning androgens or testosterone into estrogen. In spite of this, research indicates that they do not have such a powerful effect.

The medication is not usually prescribed as a treatment, but if clinically indicated, it can help patients reduce their estrogen levels. Anastrozole (Arimidex) or exemestane (Aromasin) can be taken as medications.

Aromatase inhibitors are not as effective for the treatment of gynecomastia as SERMS, but they may have other clinical applications, including those involving breast cancer or boys with short stature. It is also possible to obtain aromatase inhibitors in natural forms, such as wild nettle root, maca, and grapeseed extract. It is important to discuss these natural options with your healthcare provider first.


Low Estrogen Diet

Maintaining a low estrogen level can also be achieved by making dietary changes.  Fiber-rich, low-fat diets are best for controlling estrogen levels. The following foods may be included in this type of diet:

  • As a result of cruciferous vegetables (such as broccoli and kale) containing phytochemicals, estrogen is decreased
  • Aromatase activity is naturally reduced by mushrooms such as shiitake and portobello
  • As well as whole grains, sesame seeds and flaxseeds provide a micronutrient called polyphenols, which is found in many grains, including oats, corn, and rice
  • Green tea also contains polyphenols
  • Phytochemicals in pomegranates block estrogen production


The consumption of meat treated with synthetic hormones may contain estrogen, so they should be avoided. In addition to the following products, you should also avoid:

  • Wraps or containers made of plastic that absorb food
  • Paraben-containing shampoos that contain estrogen


Exercise and Fitness to Reduce Gynecomastia

  • Maintaining a healthy weight can also reduce your estrogen levels:
  • Make a plan to get a physical to check your overall health
  • You should exercise for 15 to 30 minutes every day, and gradually increase the amount of time as you become comfortable
  • Alternate between cardio and strength training on different days
  • Take up regular exercise by joining a gym


Risks of Having High Estrogen as a Grown Adult

High levels of estrogen in a male increase your risk of certain conditions, including:

  • Gynecomastia or large male breast tissue
  • A diabetic state
  • Strokes caused by blood clots
  • Breast and prostate cancers are among these cancers.


Having high estrogen levels or having low estrogen levels can both cause various long-term health problems or be a signal that a deeper problem must be addressed.

In case you think you may have abnormal levels of estrogen in your body, you should consult with a gynecomastia doctor as soon as possible.


Can Gynecomastia Go Away?

Gynecomastia often goes away without treatment in less than two years. Treatment may be necessary if gynecomastia doesn’t improve on its own or if it causes significant pain, tenderness, or embarrassment. Enlarged breasts in men can also be psudogynecomastia and exercise and diet can reduce the fatty tissue of the breast to enhance a body changes.

How Do You Make Gynecomastia Go Away?

Gynecomastia is very common among men aged between 50 and 85. Various conditions can result in this condition, including obesity and type 2 diabetes, as well as side effects of medications. It is possible to reduce the amount of breast tissue by treating or managing these underlying health conditions, or by ceasing use of any medications that may be causing gynecomastia. Enlarged breasts in men and boys is a treatable condition and your doctor can guide you in the right direction.

It is possible to undergo male breast reduction surgery if gynecomastia does not resolve on its own. In addition to or instead of surgery, hormone therapy, or other medication, men who are willing to wear compression shirts can reduce the appearance of gynecomastia.

Losing weight may help to improve the condition of breast tissue resulting from the growth of fat (pseudogynecomastia). Pseudo-gynecomastia can sometimes be treated with liposuction in order to remove excess fat.

Does Testosterone Reduce Gynecomastia?

You should also consider treating low T in addition to gynecomastia. Age is associated with a decline in testosterone levels in men. It is for this reason that many older men seek testosterone replacement therapy. There are a number of treatment options available:

  • Gels for the skin
  • A patch
  • The injection of drugs

The results of testosterone replacement therapy are usually noticeable in men. The following often improves for them:

  • Energized
  • Intense sexual desire
  • An erection
  • The act of sleeping
  • Mass of muscle

Additionally, their outlook and mood may improve as a result of the treatment. Gynecomastia can be resolved with testosterone replacement therapy in men who have low testosterone levels.

Can Gynecomastia Go Away with Exercise?

Is it possible to remove gynecomastia by exercising? The answer is unfortunately no. Patients who make lifestyle changes such as exercising more or eating a healthier diet will find plenty of health benefits, but changes in gynecomastia symptoms are unlikely to occur. The root cause of gynecomastia is not related to weight at all – rather, it is commonly caused by hormones that cause male breast tissue to grow. This is an important distinction between gynecomastia breast gland tissue and pseudogynecomastia, which is a similar condition. Unlike gynecomastia, which is caused by a number of factors, including hormones and specific medical conditions, pseudogynecomastia is only caused by obesity.

Most patients lack good information regarding whether they suffer from gynecomastia or pseudogynecomastia, and without this knowledge, it is harder to determine how to treat their gynecomastia condition. There are several ways to distinguish between, despite the fact gynecomastia or pseudogynecomastia that their primary symptom is the appearance of the breasts. Consulting a gynecomastia doctor can help in the diagnosis.

Enlarged Breasts in Men (Gynecomastia) – Symptoms and Causes

Enlarged Breasts in Men (Gynecomastia) – Symptoms and Causes

Gynecomastia Before And After

What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is male breast enlargement when the breast gland tissue swells. Gynecomastia is caused when the male estrogen level is too high in relation to the testosterone level. The hormonal balance is tipped to the development of a female-like breast on a man. Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts.

What Causes Gynecomastia Breast Gland Tissue?

Gynecomastia is caused by an imbalance between the male hormone testosterone and estrogen that controls female traits. Testosterone causes the development of male traits like body hair and muscle mass. Estrogen controls female characteristics like breast development. However, both sexes have an amount of the opposite hormone. When the balance of these hormones is “off,” different sex characteristics can develop. In the case of men, when the male estrogen level is too elevated or out of balance with testosterone levels, then Gynecomastia, aka man boobs, can develop.

Gynecomastia develops three times in a male’s life.

These time frames are when gynecomastia develops:

  • Immediately after birth. Newborn males are still carrying extra estrogen from their mothers during development. Over fifty percent of males are born with enlarging breasts; however, this usually resolves in a few weeks after birth.
  • During puberty or pubertal gynecomastia. Estrogen and testosterone levels change drastically during puberty. This occurs during 12-14 years of age. As much as 70 percent of young men develop Gynecomastia during this time. But, the male breast enlargement usually goes away between 6 months and two years. In about 25% of males, gynecomastia does not resolve completely.
  •  Midlife. Male breast enlargement usually peaks in men between the age of 50 and 80 years of age. Gynecomastia is due to the drop in testosterone levels, aka “low-T.” At this age. Over 65 percent of men are affected. During this time, breast cancer can develop at a rate of less than 1 percent.


There are other less common causes of Gynecomastia, but to mention, the most common are:

  • Pseudogynecomastia or “fake gynecomastia” is due to being overweight, and weight loss can dramatically help this condition. The enlarged male breasts are due to fatty tissue and not glandular tissue.
  • Drug-induced gynecomastia caused by anabolic steroids to enhance athletic performance. Gynecomastia caused by anabolic steroids is the second most common cause.
  • Medications like Finasteride for enlarged prostate/prostate cancer or hair loss, to name a few.
  • Medical conditions like tumors in the adrenal glands or testicles, liver disease, or hypogonadism, to name a few.

Gynecomastia Diagnosis Graphic

How is Gynecomastia Diagnosed?

The diagnosis of Gynecomastia is based on physical examination, physical symptoms, medical history, and medication review.

The breast may be painful with tenderness and often a disc shape rubbery tissue that can be easily felt. This tissue is located directly underneath the nipple and mobile within the breast tissue.

Your physician will evaluate your medical history to determine the cause of the Gynecomastia. He will review your supplements, medications, and herbal products. Your doctor will also review your medical history and order the appropriate blood tests to determine if other diseases or medical conditions are the cause of your Gynecomastia.

There are a variety of breast imaging tests that may be used, a mammogram or breast ultrasound to evaluate male breast tissue. These tests are usually ordered to evaluate breast cancer. Your physician may order a blood test like a hormone panel to check for any hormonal changes.

Gynecomastia Treatment Liposuction Phase

What Is The Treatment for Gynecomastia Breast Tissue?

Treatment for enlarged breasts in men is recommended when there is breast tenderness and discomfort or an aesthetic or cosmetic issue. If a medical illness is causing Gynecomastia, a prescribed medication may need to be given. Gynecomastia usually affects both breasts but can affect one or both breasts.

At times, medicine is the cause, and your physician may advise stopping the drug and changing to another. Your doctor may advise going to an endocrinologist( a physician who specializes in hormone-related issues).

Surgery is recommended for patients with severe pain and tenderness or embarrassment. Male breast reduction surgery or gynecomastia surgery is the surgical treatment of choice for breast tissue removal.

Counseling may be needed for men and boys who find it hard to cope with this medical condition. Gynecomastia can be embarrassing, resulting in shame and avoidance of social situations requiring a bare chest( swimming, public shower, locker room, etc.). This can cause a tremendous amount of stress and depression. Discussing this situation with a professional may be helpful.

Other conditions may look like Gynecomastia but are not true Gynecomastia. A few of the most common are listed below.

  • Male breast cancer. Cancer of the breast in men is uncommon and occurs in less than 1% of men. It usually affects one breast. The breast is usually no breast pain, and a firm lump may be present which feels attached to the surrounding tissue. The overlying skin may appear indented or dimpled and possible nipple discharge. The lymph nodes may be enlarged.
  • Fatty breast tissue or pseudogynecomastia. This is common in overweight men. It is due to fat accumulation in the chest. Gynecomastia is due to breast gland development and not fat.

Male breast reduction surgery is the definitive treatment for gynecomastia. It removes the breast glands permanently.



Can Gynecomastia Go Away on its Own?

In medical terms, gynecomastia refers to enlarged breasts in men. Teenagers going through the puberty process are likely to experience this condition.

Generally speaking, it will disappear on its own by the age of 21 for most young males, and most often two years after it first develops.

Gynecomastia rarely goes away by itself in adult males, no matter how hard they work, how much they exercise, and how much they diet.

Gynecomastia is primarily caused by hormonal imbalance, steroids, marijuana use, and certain prescription medications. One or both breasts may be affected by gynecomastia, and the condition can be uneven. Gynecomastia is a condition that leaves adult men feeling helpless about their condition.

Gynecomastia is curable. In the majority of cases, enlarged breasts in adolescent boys will disappear once they reach adulthood. Exercise and weight loss may be helpful for men with fatty gynecomastia. Typically, gynecomastia is caused by an excess of fibrous breast tissue that cannot be removed by DIY methods.

With male breast reduction surgery, this form of gynecomastia will be removed permanently and completely. A board-certified plastic surgeon with extensive experience in treating gynecomastia should be sought for gynecomastia surgery. Surgery performed by an unqualified surgeon is often associated with high rates of dissatisfaction. Usually, they rely solely on liposuction. Breast tissue will not be removed with this technique.


How Do You Differentiate Between Gynecomastia and Male Breast Cancer?

Among the most important characteristics that differentiate a male with breast cancer from a male with gynecomastia is symmetry. In men with gynecomastia, for example, both breasts are nearly always swollen. In contrast, men who have breast cancer usually find a lump or swelling only in one breast. Also, breast malignancy may show skin changes like skin dimpling or contraction.

What is The Best Treatment for Gynecomastia?

The following are two options to treat gynecomastia with surgery:

  • Surgical liposuction. In this surgical procedure, fatty tissue is removed from the breast but not the glandular tissue. This is best used for psueudogynecomastia which is gynecomastia due to excessive fat deposits.
  • The procedure of mastectomy. The enlarged breast tissue is removed in this procedure. In many cases, only small incisions are needed for the surgery. There is a shorter recovery period following this less invasive type of surgery.

How Can I Reduce Gynecomastia?

To treat gynecomastia effectively for an immediate and permanent solution to the problem of excess breast tissue and fat gynecomastia surgery or male breast reduction surgery is the solution.

These are some of the more popular methods to reduce gynecomastia:

  • Weight loss.
  • Exercise and dieting are essential.
  • Avoiding the use of steroids or drugs.
  • Taking steps to reduce alcohol consumption.
  • Receiving hormone treatments.
Gynecomastia vs. Psuedogynecomastia

Gynecomastia vs. Psuedogynecomastia

Pseudogynecomastia and Gynecomastia: What’s the main difference?

 Pseudogynecomastia And Gynecomastia

Psuedogynecomastia and gynecomastia are separated by only a few key differences among males. In both cases, there is excess fat or swollen tissue present in the chest region, leading to the appearance of breasts. Males of any age can develop either condition, but newborns, teens, and seniors are most susceptible.

There is no difference in the appearance of breasts between patients with gynecomastia and those with pseudogynecomastia, but the type of tissue differentiates them. There is a number of potential causes of gynecomastia, which is characterized by excessive glandular and stromal tissue. In addition, pseudogynecomastia can be caused by excessive amounts of fat tissue.

There is no medical risk involved with either condition, however, many patients experience emotional distress due to gynecomastia or pseudogynecomastia, as well as issues with self-esteem and shame as a result of showing their bodies. In some cases, gynecomastia may indicate a more serious medical problem, so patients should also consult their general practitioner about possible causes. It is always best to check, even though this is a rare occurrence.

How to Understand Pseudogynecomastia

Patient With Pseudogynecomastia But Not Gynecomastia

The condition of pseudogynecomastia is characterized by excess adipose (fat) tissue around, under, and behind the nips. In spite of the word “pseudo”, or something false or masked, “fake gynecomastia” is a very real disorder that can cause physical and psychological difficulties for some men. These physical and psychological issues are common to both pseudogynecomastia vs gynecomastia

Symptoms of Pseudogynecomastia 

An appearance of bilateral enlarged breasts on the chest with excess fat.

The only thing that will feel firm is the excess fatty tissue below the chest.

The appearance of fat accumulation around the armpit region.

Pseudogynecomastia Causes 

Obesity – Pseudogynecomastia is more straightforward, as it is a result of excess fat. Pseudogynecomastia occurs when a patient has excess chest fat deposition, and this shows up as enlarged breasts.

Treating Pseudogynecomastia

Weight loss is the first line of treatment for pseudogynecomastia. With the loss of body fat, your chest will also tend to become smaller. The majority of men lose weight and shape their chests through a combination of diet changes and increased exercise. Compression shirts are worn by some men to achieve the appearance of a leaner and flatter chest while they are losing weight. Even if a man reaches his goal weight, he may still experience pseudogynecomastia. Depending on the amount of residual fatty tissue and whether there is loose skin, the treatment may vary.

To treat pseudogynecomastia the fat deposits can be removed by liposuction alone or greatly improved by weight loss. In addition to liposuction of the residual fat, reducing (removing) a skin component may also be required to tighten the skin. Where the incision is placed will be determined by how much loose skin is present. Additionally, the areola is also reshaped to conform to the new chest contour. Many patients are concerned with the appearance and embarrassment of the areola (the darkly pigmented skin surrounding the nipple). The difference of treatment between pseudogynecomastia vs gynecomastia is liposuction.

How to Understand Gynecomastia

A Man With Gynecomastia And Not Pseudogynecomastia

Pseudogynecomastia and gynecomastia differ primarily in the kind of excess breast tissue seen that causes them to appear enlarged and feminine. A male chest area with male breast enlargement will have excess glandular breast tissue (and possibly fat tissue as well). In comparison to fat tissue, the glandular tissue of the breast is firmer and more fibrous, and it does not respond to changes in diet or exercise. A hormonal imbalance is usually responsible for symptoms; however, certain medications (e.g., steroids) and illegal substances, such as marijuana, may also be responsible. These are the primary differences between pseudogynecomastia vs gynecomastia.

Symptoms of Gynecomastia 

  • Breast appearance with excess glandular tissue
  • Nipples that are swollen or puffy
  • Breast pain or tenderness in the areola
  • There is a lump or disc of glandular tissue in the chest that is firm and hard to the touch
  • A soft, fatty tissue may be present beneath the chest
  • Sensitivity to touch or breast tenderness

Causes of gynecomastia 

Hormones – Changes in hormone levels are frequently responsible for the development of gynecomastia. It can occur in a variety of ways. In newborn children with this condition, gynecomastia is caused by estrogen being passed onto the baby via the placenta. In general, hormone-induced gynecomastia in infants resolves over time. Puberty causes teenagers to undergo hormonal changes, and sometimes their testosterone levels drop so low that existing estrogen causes breast tissue to grow. Finally, older adult males are more likely to develop gynecomastia due to a decreased production of testosterone as a result of aging.

Medications – In certain cases, specific medications can contribute to the development of gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is more likely to occur in patients taking antidepressants, steroids, or medications for heart conditions, ulcers, or prostate issues. Antibiotics can also cause problems. In the event that medication contains estrogen or impacts estrogen levels, gynecomastia may result.

Alcohol and Liver Disease – Individuals who struggle with excessive alcohol consumption and suffer from cirrhosis are at higher risk of developing gynecomastia than their peers.

Thyroid issues: The thyroid gland, which is located in the throat, is a hormone-producing gland. Patients suffering from thyroid-related issues are occasionally affected by gynecomastia.

Narcotic Use: Narcotics, such as cannabis and heroin, are believed to be responsible for the development of gynecomastia.

Kidney failure – Gynecomastia can result from kidney failure although this is extremely rare. A physician should be consulted immediately if gynecomastia symptoms are present.

Testicular disease – Gynecomastia can occasionally indicate a serious testicular problem, including infection or cancer. Gynecomastia patients should seek medical attention if they experience various symptoms of testicular dysfunction.

Klinefelter syndrome – An extra X-chromosome is a characteristic of the Klinefelter syndrome. Gynecomastia can occur in patients with Klinefelter Syndrome.

For patients who are seeking treatment for their condition, it can be helpful to determine the source of their disease. There is a difference between gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia in terms of causes.

Gynecomastia may have a number of causes, while pseudogynecomastia has only one.

Gynecomastia Treatment

The best treatment option for true gynecomastia is male breasts reduction surgery or gynecomastia surgery to remove the glandular tissue. In the course of the operation, the gynecomastia surgeon performs surgical excision techniques in order to remove the glandular tissue; your plastic surgeon may also use liposuction to eliminate fat tissue. You can remove excess skin and tighten the remaining skin if necessary to attain the desired chest contour.

The approach to treatment is typically performed by creating a small incision around the areola. Due to the small incision size and location, noticeable postoperative scarring is rarely a problem. The operative goal is to treat gynecomastia so the chest is contoured to a natural flat shape.

 How to Know if You Have Gynecomastia or Pseudogynecomastia


Self Exam Of Gynecomastia And Pseudogynecomastia

Gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia are both relatively easy to diagnose. Both of these conditions show up as excess tissue that appears breast-like on the chest. Gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia are often recognized early on and cause men to harbor insecurity about their appearance.

Furthermore, these conditions are associated with other, less-recognized symptoms as well. In addition to the recognizable chest tissues, both gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia have a number of symptoms that may confirm the diagnosis.

The pinch test is a common self-exam that you can perform to evaluate the tissue.

What is Gynecomastia, How Does it Affect Men and Boys?

What is Gynecomastia, How Does it Affect Men and Boys?

What is gynecomastia is a question frequently asked.  The condition called gynecomastia causes men and boys to develop enlarged breast tissue. This may occur if two hormones in your body are thrown out of balance. In the case of enlarged breasts caused by fat deposits, you have a different condition known as pseudogynecomastia.” In contrast to women, men do not develop breast tissue the way they do, all boys are born with a small amount of breast glandular tissue.

During puberty, testosterone is the main hormone produced by a boy’s body, which controls his sexual development. Additionally, males also produce some estrogen, which is the hormone responsible for promoting sexual growth in females.

In puberty or when the body of an older man produces less testosterone, the balance between these two hormones changes.

This can lead to male breast tissue swelling when a higher percentage of estrogen is present. The prevalence of this condition varies from half of the adolescent boys to two-thirds of men over the age of 50.

Symptoms of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia can first be detected by a lump of breast tissue under the breasts. There might be tenderness or soreness in this lump.  This may affect one or both breasts and can be established by a medical history and physical exam.

If you are experiencing these symptoms you may wonder whether you have breast cancer, which does occur in some men. In general, gynecomastia is not indicative of cancer, but your doctor may run some tests to confirm that it is not the result of cancer.

Breast enlargement may occur unevenly, with one breast growth larger than the other. Additionally, you may experience tenderness in your breasts.

If you notice swelling, burning, or tenderness in your enlarged breasts, or if you notice a discharge from the breast nipple, see your physician.

RELATED: Look at the Basics of Gynecomastia

What Causes Gynecomastia?

It is difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of the hormonal imbalance that leads to the growth of male breasts, and often the exact trigger is unknown.

Aside from normal body changes such as puberty and aging, gynecomastia can be caused by a number of factors such as:

  • Injuries or diseases that affect the testicles and result in testosterone production
  • Thyroid problems. since hormones from that gland control growth and sexual development
  • Obesity increases estrogen levels
  • A wide range of illegal drugs, including anabolic steroids, marijuana, and heroin
  • Kidney disease or kidney failure  (when your blood cannot be cleaned and filtered)
  • Diseases of the liver
  • Pituitary gland tumors
  • Infant boys may briefly experience gynecomastia when they are still receiving hormones from their mothers.
  • Certain drugs  can result in gynecomastia, including:
  • Anti-androgens medications. These drugs are used for the treatment of prostate enlargement and prostate cancer

Synthetic anabolic steroids and androgens. In order to enhance their athletic performance, athletes may use these drugs illicitly. Some of the drugs are also used to treat legitimate medical conditions.

Anti-HIV drugs. In some cases, gynecomastia may be a side effect of HIV treatment, also known as highly active antiretroviral therapy.

Anti-anxiety medications. Medicines such as diazepam (Valium ) can sometimes cause gynecomastia.

Medicines for the heart. In some cases, drugs such as digoxin (Lanoxin) or calcium channel blockers can cause gynecomastia.

Medications are used to eliminate the contents of the stomach. Metoclopramide (Reglan ) may cause gynecomastia as a side effect.

Medications for ulcers. Some medicines that you buy over the counter for ulcers can lead to gynecomastia, such as cimetidine (Tagamet).  Antibiotics may also result in gynecomastia. Additionally, some cancer treatments and tricyclic antidepressants may have these effects.

Treatment of Gynecomastia

The majority of cases resolve on their own without treatment. 

You might be referred to a specialist known as an endocrinologist when you suffer from gynecomastia. Endocrinologists treat problems relating to hormones and how they affect your body.

The gynecomastia treatment you receive will depend largely on your age, your health, the length of time your condition may last, and your response to certain medications.

The majority of cases of gynecomastia occur during puberty, and they usually disappear on their own. The process may take anywhere between six months and three years.

In the event that your hormonal balance is out of whack due to another health issue, you should treat that condition.  Blood tests may be required to establish gynecomastia diagnosis.

You may be prescribed medication to treat the hormonal imbalance that is causing your breast tissue to grow.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary. The following techniques may be prescribed by your physician:

Liposuction (removing excess fat from the breast) Mastectomy ( removing the breast gland tissue). Plastic surgeons perform these procedures.

Guidelines for Preventing Gynecomastia

The likelihood of developing gynecomastia can be reduced by taking certain steps. The list includes items such as:

Please refrain from using drugs such as steroids, androgens, amphetamines, marijuana, and heroin, as they are illicit and recreational.

Drink alcohol in moderation or not at all.

Your doctor should review the list of your medications. When taking medications that may cause gynecomastia, ask your physician if alternative therapies are available.

The complications of gynecomastia

You may experience mental health consequences if you suffer from gynecomastia. This could result in feelings of embarrassment, anxiety, or depression. To manage these feelings, you can take several steps.

Discuss your feelings regarding gynecomastia with your doctor. Any mental health problems you may develop can be managed by a mental health professional.

Also Check Out: Gynecomastia and Klinefelter Syndrome


How many men are affected by gynecomastia?

Adolescent gynecomastia

According to statistics collected by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), between 50% and 60% of adolescent males experience gynecomastia. Gynecomastia often manifests in young individuals due to more male estrogen levels than is normally produced by the body during puberty. Around the time a man enters his 20s, the chest contour tends to naturally flatten out, but this may not always be the case.

Men with gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is even more prevalent among adult men. The same NIH study found that approximately 65% of men aged 27 to 92 years had some degree of gynecomastia. While the symptoms of gynecomastia in adolescents and adults may be similar, the causes of the condition are very different. Additionally to hormonal imbalances that occur over time, certain health conditions can also contribute to male breast enlargements, such as thyroid disorders and cancers of the pituitary gland. Consumption of alcohol and recreational drugs, such as marijuana, can also lead to gynecomastia.

What causes gynecomastia in puberty?

Gynecomastia is an increase in the size of the breast (guy-nuh-kah-MAS-tuh) as a result of the imbalance of the levels of the hormone estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia may affect one or both breasts, sometimes unevenly.


How to Get Rid of Man-Boobs Fast – Best Exercises For Moobs

How to Get Rid of Man-Boobs Fast – Best Exercises For Moobs

This Upper Chest Workout Will Help You Lose Your Man Boobs for Good

To get rid of man-boobs, men are increasingly deciding on surgical options. Male breast reduction surgery rose by 32 percent from 2000 to 2017, calculated by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. By 2019 gynecomastia surgery was the fourth most common cosmetic-plastic surgery procedure for men.

Men with gynecomastia carry the stigma of someone out of shape with a feminizing appearance. Prominent breasts in men, also known as man boobs or ‘moobs,’ are a significant source of anxiety for men in locker rooms, the beach or pool, or anywhere they might take off their shirt. This mental anguish results in men wearing loose-fitting clothes, forward posture, and never taking off their shirt in public.

As much as 30 percent of men will develop man-boobs at some point in their lives. This development occurs during periods of life when the testosterone levels are off-balanced with estrogen levels. The hormonal imbalance is likely to occur during puberty or between the ages of 50 to 69. Male breast cancer is rare and occurs in less than 1% of men.

The best technique to get rid of man boobs and look fit targets intense upper chest workouts. This means concentrating on a pectoral muscle workout plan.

Muscle growth or muscle strength does not work for every man with puffy nipples because gynecomastia’s main culprit is actual male breast tissue. It is often the case that male breast reduction surgery is eventually needed for a permanent solution. Before the main topic of pectoral muscle exercises, we should also discuss intensity cardio exercises.

Burn Off High Body Fat to Lose Weight

Cardio burns extra fat which causes fat loss to the entire body but also burns breast tissue fat which reduces enlarged breasts. Cardiovascular exercises will significantly reduce the excess body fat component of the chest and belly fat. So, your overall plan to lose weight should include aerobic exercises.

The other component to lose your man-boobs fast is a proper diet. You want to have a balanced diet, but the type of food choices are necessary as well. Read the section in, “Foods to avoid,” which will discuss the food that is low in estrogen activity and high In testosterone content.

4 Awesome Chest Exercises Get Rid of Your Man Boobs

We have discussed diet and cardiovascular exercise; let’s build upper body strength and chest muscle.

Exercises that isolate your upper chest, mainly the pectoralis major muscle, in strength and bulk will give you pecs that display chest development and lifts the enlarged breast tissue.

An excellent way to get started is to perform these chest exercises at least twice each week for the best workout routine. You will have much success with these exercises and build upper body strength by doing your chest exercises at a 25-45 degree incline which is the proper position for maximum benefit. Do the five exercises below twice per week as a weight lifting day or after a cardio workout.

Select weights that may be slightly heavier to perform 6-8 reps than ten or more reps.

Too much weight will pull muscles, so work your way up to lifting heavier weights. A barbell rack is an excellent tool to have when lifting weights becomes a routine workout. If you don’t have space, all gyms have a barbell rack. A gym membership will offer all of the equipment options.

In addition to these chest area-specific workouts which focus on the pectoral muscles, there are push-ups that can be done anywhere. There systems that specialize in push-ups for each section.

Upper Chest Workout Move #1: Incline Dumbbell Press


How To Do An Incline Dumbbell Press | Openfit


Sit back on a bench inclined at 35-45 degrees. Holding a dumbbell in either hand, bend your elbows and place your hands at your chest. Inhale, then exhale as you raise dumbbells over your chest, arms straight. Inhale and lower to your chest. This is a basic exercise to build up the entire pec and upper arms. These are basic barbell movements, and you can see the broad pec muscle group affected below.


The Incline Dumbbell Fly 101 | How To Exercise Your Upper Chest!



Upper Chest Workout Move #2: Low Cable Crossovers

Best Chest Fly Exercise (Dumbbell Flys Vs. Cable Flys)


Position the cable pulleys about the ankle height. Position yourself about 3-4 feet in front of the machine with feet should with apart. Keep the arm straight and raise the right arm diagonally in front of your body. Allow the arm to cross the midline. The exercise can be done one arm at a time or both at the same time to build muscle. This exercise works on the lower pectoralis muscle. See the picture below.


The Best &Amp;Quot;Push Pull Legs&Amp;Quot; Routine For Muscle Growth (Based On Science)



Upper Chest Workout Move #3: Reverse Grip Barbell Bench Press

Chest Builder: Reverse Grip Bench Press (Plus Workout) - American Grit

This exercise can be performed either flat on the bench or inclined at 35-45 degrees. Grasp the barbells about chest level with the palms facing toward your face about shoulder with apart.  The bar must be held securely. Elevate the bar directly above the chest area with the arms straight and palms facing toward your front. Finally, lower the barbell slowly.

The reverse grip barbell bench press is one of many excellent bench press exercises and arm exercises to build up the upper chest.

How To Do Incline Reverse-Grip Barbell Bench Press (Chest) – Fitness Volt

Upper Chest Muscles Workout Move #4: Landmine Chest Press

How To: Landmine Chest Press | Muscular Strength


Determine the proper bar weight so that you can perform 4-6 reps. Place the end of the bar in a safety box or at the bottom edge of the wall. The top bar end should be positioned at the shoulder as the starting position with the elbow bent. Use both hands, raise the bar in the air until your arms are straight; lower and begin again. The exercise can also be done on the knees.

Landmine Two Arm Chest Press


Upper Chest Muscles Workout Move #5: Incline Dumbbell Flyes

Incline Dumbbell Flyes – Bodybuilding Step

The starting position is in the incline position at 30 degrees. The barbells are held in both hands and are raised with straight arms above the chest. The barbells are lowered, keeping a bend in the elbow, dropping the arms at the side but keeping them at shoulder height. Feel the tension across the chest, then raise the weight again directly above the chest.


What Should I be Eating to Lose “moobs”?

The overall goal is to lose weight by diet and exercise to reduce the overall fat stores and swollen breast tissue. Also by avoiding foods reduce estrogen levels and boost testosterone levels. A significant section on and a “foods to avoid.”

How Can I Get Rid of Puffy Nipples if I Have a Lean Body and Work Out Regularly?

If you have a lean body, this means that you have low-fat stores. The puffy nipples are due to breast gland tissue which defines Gynecomastia. This condition may require male breast reduction surgery. A good review article by the Mayo Clinic can be read here.

Can Exercises Target Chest Fat?

Intensity cardio exercises can reduce chest fat but also reduces overall your overall fat or fat tissue. You can target muscle development in the chest, which will add to a more masculine look and weight loss. The goal is to lower your total fat percentage.

What Should I Be Eating to Lose “moobs”?

There are many diets for weight loss and reducing chest fat. One of the essential articles regarding weight-loss strategies is from the Mayo Clinic here.

What Are Man Boobs?

Man Boobs or Moobs is also known as Gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is defined as the benign growth of the male breast gland tissue. This is caused by increase estrogen levels and decreased testosterone levels. It can also be due to health conditions or medications.

Pseudogynecomastia is male breast enlargement due to excess fat. This can be drastically improved with weight loss and a gynecomastia procedure. Diet and exercise, avoiding junk food, and substitute for real food will reduce excess fat.

Many men who have shame with “man boobs” or “moobs” are in this group. The amounts of testosterone are average, and hormone levels are balanced.

Starting position is in the incline position at 30 degrees. The barbells are held in both hands and are raised with straight arms above the chest. The barbells are lowered, keeping a bend in the elbow, dropping the arms at the side but keeping them at shoulder height. Feel the tension across the chest, then raise the weight again directly above the chest.